IN 2016, UN members adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which includes the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These SDGs reflect the understanding that development is closely linked to economic growth, social well-being and environmental sustainability, and that the SDGs provide the world with the most effective and flexible way to address conflict, human rights, poverty and inequality, as well as climate change and environmental degradation. In 2020, the CFP will take place from 7 to 16 July 2020 under the aegis of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The theme is “Accelerated Measures and Transformation Pathways: Achieving the Decade of Action and Implementation for Sustainable Development.” Trade-oriented inclusive economic growth strengthens a country`s income capacity, which is one of the key conditions for sustainable development. The WTO Aid to Trade Initiative can make a big difference in the complementarity of national efforts to build trade capacity, and SDG 8 sets a specific target for countries to increase their support under this initiative. The 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, adopted in 2015 by all UN Member States, sets common goals for the well-being of people and the environment. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) call on countries to put in place trade-related means to promote sustainable development. It is the potential effects of economic growth and poverty reduction that make trade a powerful ally of sustainable development. The multilateral trading system is an important instrument for advancing international efforts to achieve this goal. The objective of trade liberalization and the fundamental principle of non-discrimination are a more efficient allocation of resources, which should be positive for the environment. As early as 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNC) in Rio recognized the contribution that the multilateral trading system could make to sustainable development. At that time, the system was part of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which preceded the EIEGs.
The Rio Declaration stated that an open, fair and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system should make a significant contribution to national and international efforts to improve the protection and conservation of environmental resources and promote sustainable development. “Mainstreaming trade to the sustainable Development Goals” shows that the WTO plays an important role in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals by implementing and implementing trade reforms conducive to growth and development and by continuing to promote stable and equitable trade relations around the world, as well as the Millennium Development Goals they have set. The 2001 Doha Ministerial Declaration, which launched the ongoing negotiations, strongly reaffirmed this mandate (see para. 6). Ministers also called on the Trade and Environment and Trade and Development Committees to serve as forums for identifying and assessing the environmental and development aspects of the negotiations in order to contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development objective (see paragraph 51). This is why sustainable development was a permanent item on the agenda of the Committee on Trade and the Environment (CTE). The Committee decided to look at the issue by sector and in 2003 the Secretariat informed it of developments in the following negotiating areas: agriculture WT/CTE/GEN/8, market access for non-agricultural products WT/CTE/GEN/9, WT/CTE/GEN/10 and WT/CTE/GEN/11 services.